Gromov was born in 1960 in Zagorsk, Moscow Oblast, Soviet Union. He studied history at Moscow State University, specialising in Southern and Western Slavs and received his degree in history in 1982. For many years after his graduation, he worked for the Soviet and then the Russian government in their respective Ministries of Foreign Affairs. He served the governments with appointments in Czechoslovakia, Russia, and Slovakia. Since 1996, he has worked directly for the president, first in the Press Office, then as Press Attache, and, since 2008, as Deputy Chief of Staff.
On 12 May 2014, Gromov was added to the European Union sanctions list due to his role in the 2014 Crimean crisis. He is barred from entering the EU countries, and his assets in the EU have to be frozen.
Gromov speaks fluent Czech, Slovak and English. He is married and they have two sons, Alexey and Danila.
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- Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN)
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- Gromov, Alexei. kremlin.ru, accessed 2015-10-11