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First Azarov government

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Jan 18, 2022

The first Azarov government (Ukrainian: Перший уряд Миколи Азарова) was Ukraine’s cabinet from (appointed on) March 11, 2010 till December 3, 2012 (the cabinet stays on as caretaker government)[1] till 24 December 2012 when the second Azarov government was appointed by presidentViktor Yanukovych.[2]

First Azarov Government
14th Cabinet of Ukraine (since 1990)
Date formed March 11, 2010
Date dissolved December 3, 2012
People and organisations
Head of state Viktor Yanukovych
Head of government Mykola Azarov
Deputy head of government Valeriy Khoroshkovskyi
No. of ministers 18
Member party Party of Regions
Communist Party of Ukraine
Lytvyn Bloc
Status in legislature Coalition “Stability and reforms”
Opposition cabinet Dictatorship Resistance Committee
Opposition party Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
NUNS
Opposition leader Serhiy Sobolev (head of shadow government)
History
Legislature term(s) 5 years
Predecessor Second Tymoshenko government
Successor Second Azarov government
 Ukraine portal

The cabinet was formed as part of the “Stability and Reform” coalition between the Party of Regions, Lytvyn Bloc and the Communist Party of Ukraine in the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine‘s parliament. The government was led by prime ministerMykola Azarov, who succeeded the ousted second Tymoshenko government led by ex-prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko. The Azarov government worked in cooperation with President Yanukovych.

A November 2010 Razumkov Centre nationwide survey showed that only 13.2 percent of respondents fully supported the Azarov Government while 45 percent stated they did not.[3]

Its composition was reshuffled by Yanukovych early in 2012.[4]

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On December 3, 2012, the government became a caretaker government after Ukrainian presidentViktor Yanukovich accepted the resignation of prime minister Mykola Azarov and his government following the 28 October 2012 parliamentary election.[1] A number of government members, including Prime Minister Azarov, were elected to parliament in that election.[1] In order to get these parliamentary mandates they were obliged to submit documents on the dismissal from their previous job to the Central Election Commission within 20 days after the election (by December 3).[5]

On 9 December 2012, Yanukovych nominated Azarov for a new term as prime minister.[6] This nomination was approved by parliament on 13 December 2012.[7] On 24 December 2012, the second Azarov government was appointed by President Yanukovych.[2]

In January 2013, President Yanukovych stated the government “has not completely fulfilled the assigned tasks on ensuring the introduction of reform and economic growth. This led to the fact that the results in 2012 were much worse than expected”.[8]

Azarov’s immediate predecessor Yulia Tymoshenko stated on the day the cabinet was elected “this government is completely made up of Ukrainian oligarchs”; she predicted the cabinet actions would lead to “megacorruption, the closure of strategic state programs, pressure on small and middle business and a return to stagnation and the absence of any reforms”.[9]

According to a February 2010 poll by the Kyiv Gorshenin Institute of Management Issues most Ukrainians wanted not a politician for prime minister but “a professional premier, who will implement unpopular reforms”.[10]

Ukraine’s state budget for 2010 was adopted by parliament after a ten-minute-long hearing of the bill which consisted of a report by the finance minister and the head of the parliament’s budget committee.[11] The Verkhovna Rada 2010 budget was not presented at a parliament meeting, but approved on May 14, 2010.[12][13]

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