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Jan 12, 2022

Saxony (Sachsen) is a federal state in the east of Germany. It contains the two largest and most important cities in eastern Germany other than Berlin: Leipzig and Dresden. The state has a long history of independence as a kingdom (much like Bavaria), and as a result has a strong sense of self-identity. It is home to many historic towns and cities and also the eastern German mountain range, the Ore Mountains or “Erzgebirge” which it shares with the Czech Republic to the south. It also shares international borders with Poland and the region of Silesia to the east. Görlitz, a town divided by World War II along the Oder-Neiße line is also the easternmost point of Germany.

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Saxony is divided into six historical, cultural and geographic regions:

Regions of Saxony

  Leipzig Lowlands-Central Hills
Flatlands and gentle hills, with the state’s biggest city, medieval castles and monasteries and former strip mines turned into lakes.
  Saxon Elbland
The state’s heartland surrounding the capital, magnificent Baroque buildings, vineyards on hills along the river.
  Saxon Ore Mountains
Saxony’s highest mountains (up to 1215 metres) with a centuries-old mining tradition; popular wintersports and hiking destination; “land of Christmas” with elaborate advent customs and decorations.
  Saxon Switzerland
Sandstone mountains skimmed by water and wind have resulted in a landscape of picturesque valleys and bizarre rock formations; perfect for hiking and climbing for beginners and experts alike.
  Upper Lusatia
Home to Germany’s Slavic minority with their distinct culture and customs; multifaceted landscapes of mountains, hills, heaths, lakes, moors; towns and villages steeped in history.
Idyllic rolling hills cut through by river valleys; known for its handicraft traditions like lace-making and musical instrument making.

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